Can migraine increase your risk of stroke?
Jul 24, 2015
New research suggests older people who experience migraines may have an increased risk of stroke, but only if they are smokers. The study is published in the July 22, 2015, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Stroke associated with both immediate and long-term decline in cognitive function
Jul 10, 2015
In a study that included nearly 24,000 participants, those who experienced a stroke had an acute decline in cognitive function and also accelerated and persistent cognitive decline over 6 years, according to an article in the current issue of JAMA.
Fundamental beliefs about atherosclerosis overturned
Jul 06, 2015
Doctors' efforts to battle the atherosclerotic plaques that cause heart attacks and strokes are built on several false beliefs about the fundamental composition and formation of the plaques, new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine shows. These new discoveries will force researchers to reassess their approaches to developing treatments and discard some of their basic assumptions about atherosclerosis.
Key protein may affect risk of stroke
Jun 25, 2015
Studies on mice reveal that a special protein in the brain's capillaries may affect the risk of stroke. Researchers from the University of Gothenburg are publishing new research findings in the journal Developmental Cell about how the blood-brain barrier develops and what makes the capillaries in the brain different from small blood vessels in other organs.
Mannitol dosing errors made during transport of patients with intracranial emergencies
Jun 15, 2015
Researchers in Alberta, Canada, investigated the use of the drug mannitol before and during transportation of patients with intracranial emergencies from peripheral hospitals to tertiary facilities that house neurosurgery departments. The focus was on the appropriate use of the drug and the extent to which dosing errors may have occurred. The authors found a 22% dosing error rate, with slightly more patients receiving a dose smaller, rather than larger, than the dose range recommended by the Brain Trauma Foundation.
Study links severe restless legs syndrome to increased risk of stroke
Jun 08, 2015
A new study suggests that increased restless legs syndrome severity is associated with subsequent increased risk of stroke. The research abstract was published recently in an online supplement of the journal Sleep and will be presented today at SLEEP 2015, the 29th annual meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies LLC.
Reinflating balloon after carotid stenting appears to double risk of stroke and death
Jun 03, 2015
Although the overall risk of stroke and death is low in patients who undergo carotid stenting, the common practice of "ballooning" the vessel after the wire mesh is inserted can double the risk of death and stroke during or shortly after the procedure, according to findings published online May 30 in the Journal of Vascular Surgery.
Blood pressure medications can lead to increased risk of stroke
Jun 01, 2015
The harder hypertension is to control, the higher the risk for stroke, even if the treatment is successful, are the results of new research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham published in the journal Stroke.
Study: race influences warfarin dose
May 29, 2015
A new report demonstrates that clinical and genetic factors affecting dose requirements for warfarin vary by race. The study, published online in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology, proposes race-specific equations to help clinicians better calculate warfarin dosage.
Study identifies possible role for carbon monoxide in treating hemorrhagic stroke
May 26, 2015
A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center suggests that when administered in small, carefully controlled amounts, carbon monoxide may protect the brain from damage following subarachnoid hemorrhage. The new findings show that carbon monoxide can help accelerate a natural process that minimizes cognitive damage by speeding the clearance of heme.
Stroke risk clarified following routine thrombectomy
May 20, 2015
Clearing blood clots from arteries during treatment for an acute myocardial infarction was a relatively common practice until a recent, large-scale study showed that the technique, known as thrombectomy, might actually increase the risk of stroke. Now, new insights from the TOTAL trial, presented at EuroPCR 2015, indicate that the risk of stroke with thrombectomy during angioplasty, compared to angioplasty alone, is evident very early following the procedure.
Saving critical time diagnosing stroke patients with MRI by borrowing ‘lean’ principles
May 14, 2015
Using efficiency principles borrowed from "lean" manufacturing processes, 2 Washington-area hospitals have administered tPA to stroke patients significantly quicker, while also obtaining better diagnostic information using MRI. That's according to a new study published in Neurology®.
Presence of left atrial septal pouch may explain strokes of unknown origin
Apr 01, 2015
A left atrial septal pouch in some people may explain cryptogenic stroke, according to UC Irvine School of Medicine researchers. The presence of this pouch could change how neurologists treat these patients and lead to new therapeutic strategies for preventing strokes.
Cholesterial drugs can reduce the risk of stroke, but aren’t for everyone
Aug 19, 2011
For many patients, cholesterol-lowering statin drugs can reduce the risk of strokes as well as heart attacks. But in a review article, Loyola University Health System neurologists caution that statins may not be appropriate for cetain categories of patients who are at risk for stroke.
Coronary calcium beats C-reactive protein for predicting the risk of heart attack and stroke
Aug 19, 2011
The presence of calcium in coronary arteries is a much better predictor of heart attack and stroke than C-reactive protein among people with normal levels of LDL cholesterol, according to a study of more than 2,000 people led by a Johns Hopkins heart specialist.
Less salt, less strokes says new research
Aug 12, 2011
New research revealed this week in the British Medical Journal suggests that lowering dietary salt intake has the potential to save millions of lives globally by substantially reducing levels of heart disease and strokes.
Genetic ‘signature’ discovered in plaque, possible key to future treatment
Aug 09, 2011
Researchers report that a pattern of 5 microscopic bits of genetic material called microRNAs (miRNAs)—a genetic signature—was present only in the plaque from patients who had experienced a stroke.
Rate of stroke increasing among women during, soon after pregnancy
Aug 09, 2011
The stroke rate for pregnant women and those who recently gave birth increased alarmingly--by 54%--over the past dozen years, according to research reported in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.
Traumatic brain injury linked with 10-fold increase in stroke risk
Aug 09, 2011
If you suffer traumatic brain injury, your risk of having a stroke within 3 months may increase 10-fold, according to a new study reported in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.
More neurology residents comfortable using stroke clot-busting drug
Aug 05, 2011
The percentage of graduating neurology residents comfortable treating stroke with the clot-busting drug tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) has increased dramatically over the past 10 years, according to research published in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.
High-risk stroke patients more likely to get follow-up care after motivational talk
Aug 04, 2011
Even though many Americans learn through community health screenings that they are at high risk for having a stroke, they rarely follow-up with their doctor for care. But a new University of Michigan study shows high-risk stroke patients are twice as likely to get follow-up care from a primary care doctor if they receive a pep talk over the telephone.
One third of brain hemorrhage survivors have posttraumatic stress disorder
Aug 03, 2011
One third of patients who have survived a life-threatening subarachnoid hemorrhage have disabling symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, reports a study in the August issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.
Cholesterol-lowering drugs may help prevent recurrent strokes in younger people
Aug 03, 2011
New research indicates cholesterol lowering drugs known as statins may help prevent future strokes among young people who have already had a stroke. The study is published in the August 2, 2011, print issue of Neurology.
Long periods of estrogen deprivation jeopardizes brain receptors, stroke protection
Aug 02, 2011
Prolonged estrogen deprivation in aging rats dramatically reduces the number of brain receptors for the hormone as well as its ability to prevent strokes, researchers report. However the damage is forestalled if estrogen replacement begins shortly after hormone levels drop, according to a study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Adding a stent during minimally invasive surgery to repair aneurysms prevents recurrence
Jul 26, 2011
The addition of a simple stent can help prevent potentially lethal blood vessel bulges in the brain from recurring after they are repaired in a minimally invasive "coiling" procedure, according to new research by Johns Hopkins physicians.
Optimism associated with lower risk of having stroke
Jul 25, 2011
A positive outlook on life might lower your risk of having a stroke, according to new research reported in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association. In an observational study, a nationally representative group of 6044 adults over age 50 rated their optimism levels on a 16-point scale. Each point increase in optimism corresponded to a 9% decrease in acute stroke risk over a 2-year follow-up period.
Preventive use of one form of vitamin E may reduce stroke damage
Jul 07, 2011
Ten weeks of preventive supplementation with a natural form of vitamin E called tocotrienol in dogs that later had strokes reduced overall brain tissue damage, prevented loss of neural connections and helped sustain blood flow in the animals’ brains, a new study shows.
Lack of empathy following traumatic brain injury linked to reduced responsiveness to anger
Jun 28, 2011
New study reveals link between emotional empathy and physiological responses to angry faces.
Using olive oil in your diet may prevent a stroke
Jun 16, 2011
A new study suggests that consuming olive oil may help prevent a stroke in older people. The research is published in the June 15, 2011, online issue of Neurology®.
Type 2 diabetes associated with increased risk of stroke, but metabolic syndrome is not
Jun 14, 2011
Among patients who have had an ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, type 2 diabetes was associated with an increased risk of recurrent stroke or cardiovascular events, but metabolic syndrome was not, according to a report published Online First today by Archives of Neurology.
Moderate to intense exercise may protect the brain
Jun 09, 2011
Older people who regularly exercise at a moderate to intense level may be less likely to develop the small brain lesions, sometimes referred to as "silent strokes," that are the first sign of cerebrovascular disease, according to a new study published in the June 8, 2011, online issue of Neurology®.
ABCD2 score to identify people at risk of stroke has limited clinical application
Jun 06, 2011
The ABCD2 score used to identify people at risk of stroke after suffering a transient ischemic attack—a "mini" or "warning" stroke—is not sensitive enough to distinguish between high- and low-risk patients and has limited clinical application, states an article in Canadian Medical Association Journal.
Use of clot-busting drug for US stroke patients doubled from 2005 to 2009
Jun 03, 2011
In a review of nationwide hospital databases, University of Cincinnati emergency medicine and neurology researchers have found that the rate of treatment with the standard therapy for acute ischemic stroke patients has doubled since 2005.
New treatment dissolves blood clots in brain tissue
May 27, 2011
A new treatment that treats a subset of stroke patients by combining minimally invasive surgery, an imaging technique likened to "GPS for the brain," and the clot-busting drug tPA appears to be safe and effective, according to a multicenter clinical trial led by Johns Hopkins researchers.
What doesn’t kill the brain makes it stronger
May 23, 2011
Johns Hopkins scientists say that a newly discovered "survival protein" protects the brain against the effects of stroke in rodent brain tissue by interfering with a particular kind of cell death that's also implicated in complications from diabetes and heart attack.
Simple fitness test could predict long-term risk for heart attack, stroke in middle-aged people
May 18, 2011
In 2 separate studies, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found that how fast a middle-age person can run a mile can help predict the risk of dying of heart attack or stroke decades later for men and could be an early indicator of cardiovascular disease for women.
Hormone improves long-term recovery from stroke
May 16, 2011
Scientists at the Sahlgrenska Academy have discovered an explanation of how stroke patients can achieve better recovery. A hormone that is associated with the growth hormone system has proved to benefit recovery during the later phases of rehabilitation after a stroke.
New understanding of brain chemistry could prevent brain damage after injury
May 16, 2011
A protective molecule--KCC2--has been identified in the brain which, if used artificially, may prevent brain damage from the likes of stroke, head injury, and Alzheimer disease.
Most at-risk patients don’t adhere to statin treatment, despite real benefits
May 12, 2011
A new study from North Carolina State University shows that the vast majority of patients at high risk for heart disease or stroke do a poor job of taking statins as prescribed. That’s especially unfortunate, because the same study shows that taking statins can significantly increase the quality and length of those patients’ lives.
Drinking coffee, having sex are triggers that raise rupture risks for brain aneurysm
May 11, 2011
From drinking coffee to having sex to blowing your nose, you could temporarily raise your risk of rupturing a brain aneurysm—and suffering a stroke, according to a study published in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.
One in 7 strokes occurs during sleep, many go without clot-busting treatment
May 11, 2011
Approximately 14% of all strokes occur during sleep, preventing many from getting clot-busting treatment, according to a study published in the May 10, 2011, print issue of Neurology®.
iPhone can diagnose stroke: study
May 09, 2011
New research from the University of Calgary's Faculty of Medicine shows that doctors can make a stroke diagnosis using an iPhone application with the same accuracy as a diagnosis at a medical computer workstation. This technology can be particularly useful in rural medical settings.
Susceptibility-weighted imaging can improve detection of and treatment for stroke
May 04, 2011
A new study shows that susceptibility-weighted imaging is a powerful tool for characterizing infarctions (stroke) in patients earlier and directing more prompt treatment.
Cholesterol drugs may improve blood flow after stroke
Apr 26, 2011
Cholesterol-lowering drugs known as statins may help clot-busting drugs treat strokes, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis.
Stroke survival among seniors better in sociable neighborhoods
Apr 14, 2011
The odds of surviving stroke appear to be much better for seniors living in neighborhoods where they interact more often with their neighbors and count on them for help, according to research published in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.
Study suggests antidepressants aid physical recovery in stroke
Apr 08, 2011
A University of Iowa study finds that patients treated with a short course of antidepressants after a stroke have significantly greater improvement in physical recovery than patients treated with a placebo. Moreover, the study is the first to demonstrate that this physical recovery continues to improve for at least 9 months after the antidepressant medication is stopped.
People with sleep apnea have twice the risk of suffering a stroke
Apr 05, 2011
According to research presented at the School of Medicine and the University of Navarra Hospital in Spain, those persons with serious cases of sleep apnea have more than twice the possibility of suffering an ischemic stroke. Specifically, 2.5 times more.
Coffee drinking linked to reduced stroke risk in women
Mar 17, 2011
Drinking more than a cup of coffee a day was associated with a 22% to 25% lower risk of stroke, compared with those who drank less, in a study reported in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.
Depression, age, other factors linked to dependence after stroke
Mar 15, 2011
People who have a stroke are more likely to be dependent if they are depressed, older, or have other medical problems, according to a study published in the March 15, 2011, print issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.