Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases Center

Stroke is the sudden onset of a neurological impairment, sometimes of crippling intensity. It is usually caused by occlusion of an artery that supplies the brain or spontaneous bleeding in the brain.

Key Articles

Cerebral embolism
Cerebral venous thrombosis
Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage
Ischemic stroke
Lacunar infarction
Nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage
Subarachnoid hemorrhage

Management of Stroke

Cerebral revascularization other than carotid endarterectomy
Cerebral vasospasm: treatment
Gene therapy of cerebrovascular disease
Stroke therapy
Stroke: supportive care

Frequently Occurring Problems Associated with Stroke

Amaurosis fugax
(Transient monocular blindness)
Carotid bruit
Depression after stroke
Headache associated with ischemic cerebrovascular disease
Medical complications of stroke
Patent foramen ovale
TIAs (carotid)
Vascular cognitive impairment

Related Articles

Drug-induced cerebrovascular disease
Hemorrhagic transformation of ischemic stroke
Hormonal contraception and stroke
Intracerebral hemorrhage due to thrombolytic therapy
Pregnancy and stroke
Risk stratification after transient ischemic attack using the ABCD2 prediction rule
Sleep and stroke
Spinal cord ischemia
Stroke associated with drug abuse
Stroke associated with sickle cell disease
Stroke in young adults

External Resources

AAN Guidelines: Brain Injury and Brain Death
AAN Guidelines: Stroke and Vascular Neurology
Cedars-Sinai Stroke Program: Cerebral Hemorrhages
Clinical Trials: Brain Injury
Clinical Trials: Cerebral Infarction
Clinical Trials: Intracerebral Hemorrhage
European Society of Hypertension
FDA Advisory: Angiotensin Receptor Blockers: Cancer Risk Safety Review
Guideline: Head Injury - National Collaborating Centre for Acute Care (U.K.)
Guidelines and Consensus Statements: The Internet Stroke Center
Guidelines: The Brain Attack Coalition
Intracerebral Hemorrhage: The Internet Stroke Center
Intracranial Hypertension Research Foundation
Society for Hypertension
Stroke Scales and Clinical Assessment Tools


Stroke Community Forum
Support for patients with stroke, its warning signs, risk factors, prevention, complications. Discussions among patients, families, caregivers and professionals on topics related to diagnosis, treatment, and activities of daily living.


Can migraine increase your risk of stroke?
Jul 24, 2015
New research suggests older people who experience migraines may have an increased risk of stroke, but only if they are smokers. The study is published in the July 22, 2015, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Stroke associated with both immediate and long-term decline in cognitive function
Jul 10, 2015
In a study that included nearly 24,000 participants, those who experienced a stroke had an acute decline in cognitive function and also accelerated and persistent cognitive decline over 6 years, according to an article in the current issue of JAMA.
Fundamental beliefs about atherosclerosis overturned
Jul 06, 2015
Doctors' efforts to battle the atherosclerotic plaques that cause heart attacks and strokes are built on several false beliefs about the fundamental composition and formation of the plaques, new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine shows. These new discoveries will force researchers to reassess their approaches to developing treatments and discard some of their basic assumptions about atherosclerosis.
Key protein may affect risk of stroke
Jun 25, 2015
Studies on mice reveal that a special protein in the brain's capillaries may affect the risk of stroke. Researchers from the University of Gothenburg are publishing new research findings in the journal Developmental Cell about how the blood-brain barrier develops and what makes the capillaries in the brain different from small blood vessels in other organs.
Mannitol dosing errors made during transport of patients with intracranial emergencies
Jun 15, 2015
Researchers in Alberta, Canada, investigated the use of the drug mannitol before and during transportation of patients with intracranial emergencies from peripheral hospitals to tertiary facilities that house neurosurgery departments. The focus was on the appropriate use of the drug and the extent to which dosing errors may have occurred. The authors found a 22% dosing error rate, with slightly more patients receiving a dose smaller, rather than larger, than the dose range recommended by the Brain Trauma Foundation.
Study links severe restless legs syndrome to increased risk of stroke
Jun 08, 2015
A new study suggests that increased restless legs syndrome severity is associated with subsequent increased risk of stroke. The research abstract was published recently in an online supplement of the journal Sleep and will be presented today at SLEEP 2015, the 29th annual meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies LLC.
Reinflating balloon after carotid stenting appears to double risk of stroke and death
Jun 03, 2015
Although the overall risk of stroke and death is low in patients who undergo carotid stenting, the common practice of "ballooning" the vessel after the wire mesh is inserted can double the risk of death and stroke during or shortly after the procedure, according to findings published online May 30 in the Journal of Vascular Surgery.
Blood pressure medications can lead to increased risk of stroke
Jun 01, 2015
The harder hypertension is to control, the higher the risk for stroke, even if the treatment is successful, are the results of new research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham published in the journal Stroke.
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