Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases Center

Stroke is the sudden onset of a neurological impairment, sometimes of crippling intensity. It is usually caused by occlusion of an artery that supplies the brain or spontaneous bleeding in the brain.

Key Articles

Cerebral embolism
Cerebral venous thrombosis
Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage
Ischemic stroke
Lacunar infarction
Nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Vascular malformations

Management of Stroke

Cerebral revascularization other than carotid endarterectomy
Cerebral vasospasm: treatment
Gene therapy of cerebrovascular disease
Stroke therapy
Stroke: supportive care

Frequently Occurring Problems Associated with Stroke

Amaurosis fugax
(Transient monocular blindness)
Carotid bruit
Carotid endarterectomy for asymptomatic stenosis: can we predict which patients will do well?
Depression after stroke
Headache associated with ischemic cerebrovascular disease
Management of blood pressure after acute stroke
Medical complications of stroke
Patent foramen ovale
Stroke associated with atrial fibrillation
The definition and appropriate evaluation of transient ischemic attack
TIAs (carotid)
Vascular cognitive impairment

Related Articles

Carotid endarterectomy for asymptomatic stenosis: how are we doing in practice?
Causes of death by level of dependency after ischemic stroke
Comparison of hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes
Complications of chiropractic spinal manipulation
Deaths after chiropractic spinal manipulation
Detection of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients with cerebral ischemia
Drug-induced cerebrovascular disease
Guidelines for vascular risk factor reduction for secondary prevention of ischemic stroke
Hemorrhagic transformation of ischemic stroke
Hormonal contraception and stroke
Intracerebral hemorrhage due to thrombolytic therapy
Pregnancy and stroke
Risk stratification after transient ischemic attack using the ABCD2 prediction rule
Sleep and stroke
Spinal cord ischemia
Stroke associated with drug abuse
Stroke associated with sickle cell disease
Stroke in young adults
Vascular risk factors and progression of Alzheimer disease
What is the current status of patent foramen ovale and stroke?
White matter abnormalities in the brain

External Resources

AAN Guidelines: Brain Injury and Brain Death
AAN Guidelines: Stroke and Vascular Neurology
Cedars-Sinai Stroke Program: Cerebral Hemorrhages
Clinical Trials: Brain Injury
Clinical Trials: Cerebral Infarction
Clinical Trials: Intracerebral Hemorrhage
European Society of Hypertension
FDA Advisory: Angiotensin Receptor Blockers: Cancer Risk Safety Review
Guideline: Head Injury - National Collaborating Centre for Acute Care (U.K.)
Guidelines and Consensus Statements: The Internet Stroke Center
Guidelines: The Brain Attack Coalition
Intracerebral Hemorrhage: The Internet Stroke Center
Intracranial Hypertension Research Foundation
Society for Hypertension
Stroke Scales and Clinical Assessment Tools


Stroke Community Forum
Support for patients with stroke, its warning signs, risk factors, prevention, complications. Discussions among patients, families, caregivers and professionals on topics related to diagnosis, treatment, and activities of daily living.


Study identifies new cause of brain bleeding immediately after stroke
Apr 17, 2014
While observing that blood-brain barrier function is rapidly impaired after a stroke (within 6 hours), researchers unexpectedly found that this early barrier failure is not due to the breakdown of tight junctions between blood vessel cells, as had previously been suspected. Instead, they reported dramatic increases in serum albumin flowing directly into brain tissue.
Study links severe sleep apnea to increased risk of stroke, cancer, and death
Apr 15, 2014
Results of a 20-year follow-up study show that people with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea were 4 times more likely to die, nearly 4 times more likely to have a stroke, 3 times more likely to die from cancer, and 2.5 times more likely to develop cancer. Results were adjusted for potential confounding factors such as body mass index, smoking status, total cholesterol, and blood pressure.
Bone marrow stem cells show promise in stroke treatment
Apr 10, 2014
Scientists at UC Irvine’s Sue & Bill Gross Stem Cell Research Center have published a study that finds the effects of mesenchymal stromal cells on functional stroke recovery are robust regardless of the dosage, time they were administered relative to stroke onset, or the method of administration.
ER doctors commonly miss more strokes among women, minorities, younger patients
Apr 04, 2014
Analyzing federal health care data, a team of researchers led by a Johns Hopkins specialist concluded that doctors overlook or discount the early signs of potentially disabling strokes in tens of thousands of American each year, a large number of them visitors to emergency rooms complaining of dizziness or headaches.
Blood-brain barrier repair after stroke may prevent chronic brain deficits
Mar 25, 2014
In experiments using laboratory rats modeling ischemic stroke, USF investigators studied the consequences of the compromised BBB at the chronic poststroke stage. Their findings appear in a recent issue of the Journal of Comparative Neurology.
Meta-analysis: any blood pressure reading above normal may increase risk of stroke
Mar 13, 2014
Anyone with blood pressure that’s higher than the optimal 120/80 mm Hg may be more likely to have a stroke, according to a new meta-analysis published in the March 12, 2014, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Brainstem discovered as important relay site after stroke
Feb 27, 2014
Researchers at the Brain Research Institute of the University of Zurich discover that the brainstem, the oldest region in the brain, could play an important role in stroke recovery. The results have now been published in The Journal of Neuroscience.
Guideline: people with atrial fibrillation should take blood thinners to prevent stroke
Feb 26, 2014
The new guideline determines that new anticoagulant pills, such as dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and apixaban, are at least as effective, if not more effective than warfarin, and also have a lower risk of bleeding in the brain.
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