Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases Center

Stroke is the sudden onset of a neurological impairment, sometimes of crippling intensity. It is usually caused by occlusion of an artery that supplies the brain or spontaneous bleeding in the brain.

Key Articles

Cerebral embolism
Cerebral venous thrombosis
Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage
Ischemic stroke
Lacunar infarction
Nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Vascular malformations

Management of Stroke

Cerebral revascularization other than carotid endarterectomy
Cerebral vasospasm: treatment
Gene therapy of cerebrovascular disease
Stroke therapy
Stroke: supportive care

Frequently Occurring Problems Associated with Stroke

Amaurosis fugax
(Transient monocular blindness)
Carotid bruit
Carotid endarterectomy for asymptomatic stenosis: can we predict which patients will do well?
Depression after stroke
Headache associated with ischemic cerebrovascular disease
Management of blood pressure after acute stroke
Medical complications of stroke
Patent foramen ovale
TIAs (carotid)
Vascular cognitive impairment

Related Articles

Carotid endarterectomy for asymptomatic stenosis: how are we doing in practice?
Comparison of hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes
Complications of chiropractic spinal manipulation
Deaths after chiropractic spinal manipulation
Detection of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients with cerebral ischemia
Drug-induced cerebrovascular disease
Guidelines for vascular risk factor reduction for secondary prevention of ischemic stroke
Hemorrhagic transformation of ischemic stroke
Hormonal contraception and stroke
Intracerebral hemorrhage due to thrombolytic therapy
Pregnancy and stroke
Risk stratification after transient ischemic attack using the ABCD2 prediction rule
Sleep and stroke
Spinal cord ischemia
Stroke associated with drug abuse
Stroke associated with sickle cell disease
Stroke in young adults
Vascular risk factors and progression of Alzheimer disease
White matter abnormalities in the brain

External Resources

AAN Guidelines: Brain Injury and Brain Death
AAN Guidelines: Stroke and Vascular Neurology
Cedars-Sinai Stroke Program: Cerebral Hemorrhages
Clinical Trials: Brain Injury
Clinical Trials: Cerebral Infarction
Clinical Trials: Intracerebral Hemorrhage
European Society of Hypertension
FDA Advisory: Angiotensin Receptor Blockers: Cancer Risk Safety Review
Guideline: Head Injury - National Collaborating Centre for Acute Care (U.K.)
Guidelines and Consensus Statements: The Internet Stroke Center
Guidelines: The Brain Attack Coalition
Intracerebral Hemorrhage: The Internet Stroke Center
Intracranial Hypertension Research Foundation
Society for Hypertension
Stroke Scales and Clinical Assessment Tools

Communities

Stroke Community Forum
Support for patients with stroke, its warning signs, risk factors, prevention, complications. Discussions among patients, families, caregivers and professionals on topics related to diagnosis, treatment, and activities of daily living.

News

Pollution levels linked to stroke-related narrowing of arteries
Mar 15, 2015
Air pollution has been linked to a dangerous narrowing of carotid arteries that occurs prior to strokes, according to researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center. The scientists analyzed medical test records for more than 300,000 people living in New York, New Jersey, or Connecticut. They found that people living in zip codes with the highest average levels of fine-particulate-matter pollution were significantly more likely to show signs of stenosis in their internal carotid arteries, compared to those living in zip codes with the lowest pollution levels.
One third of Americans do not have access to stroke center within 1 hour
Mar 06, 2015
One third of the US population does not have access to a primary stroke center within 1 hour by ambulance, and even under optimal conditions, a large proportion of the United States would be unable to access a stroke center within this window, according to a new study published in the March 4, 2015, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Promising peptide for TBI, heart attack, stroke
Feb 09, 2015
Study findings could provide a new lead compound for the development of drug therapies for necrosis-related diseases such as traumatic brain injury, stroke, and myocardial infarction - conditions for which no effective drug-based treatments are currently available that work by blocking necrosis.
‘July effect’ does not impact stroke outcomes, according to new study
Dec 24, 2014
Patients with acute ischemic strokes who were admitted in July had similar outcomes compared to patients admitted any other month, according to a new study. The findings challenge concerns about the possibility of lower quality of care and the potential risk of poorer outcomes in teaching hospitals when new medical residents start each July - sometimes called the "July effect."
CT images of brain after mild stroke predict future risk
Dec 05, 2014
A CT scan of the brain within 24 hours of a mild, nondisabling stroke can predict when patients will be at the highest risk of another stroke or when symptoms may worsen, according to new research published in the American Heart Association journal Stroke.
Diets high in fruit, vegetables, whole grains, and nuts among factors to lower first-time stroke
Oct 30, 2014
Eating Mediterranean or DASH-style diets, regularly engaging in physical activity, and keeping your blood pressure under control can lower your risk of a first-time stroke, according to updated AHA/ASA guideline published in the American Heart Association's journal Stroke.
People with mental health disorders twice as likely to have heart disease or stroke
Oct 27, 2014
People facing mental health challenges are significantly more likely to have heart disease or stroke, according to a study presented today at the Canadian Cardiovascular Congress. The study finds the increased risk is due to multiple factors including psychiatric medications, unhealthy behaviors, and problems accessing care.
tPA’s tardy twin could aid in stroke recovery
Oct 22, 2014
Study findings suggest that in stroke, uPA's (urokinase-type plasminogen activator) benefits may extend beyond the time when doctors' principal goal is dissolving the blood clot that is depriving the brain of blood. Instead, uPA appears to help brain cells recover from the injuries induced by loss of blood flow. Treating mice with uPA after an experimental stroke can improve their recovery of motor function, the researchers found.
All News