Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases Center

Stroke is the sudden onset of a neurological impairment, sometimes of crippling intensity. It is usually caused by occlusion of an artery that supplies the brain or spontaneous bleeding in the brain.

Key Articles

Cerebral embolism
Cerebral venous thrombosis
Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage
Ischemic stroke
Lacunar infarction
Nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Vascular malformations

Management of Stroke

Cerebral revascularization other than carotid endarterectomy
Cerebral vasospasm: treatment
Gene therapy of cerebrovascular disease
Stroke therapy
Stroke: supportive care
The evolution of stroke rehabilitation

Frequently Occurring Problems Associated with Stroke

Amaurosis fugax
(Transient monocular blindness)
Carotid bruit
Carotid endarterectomy for asymptomatic stenosis: can we predict which patients will do well?
Depression after stroke
Headache associated with ischemic cerebrovascular disease
Management of blood pressure after acute stroke
Medical complications of stroke
Metabolic syndrome and the risk of stroke
Patent foramen ovale
Stroke associated with atrial fibrillation
The definition and appropriate evaluation of transient ischemic attack
TIAs (carotid)
Vascular cognitive impairment

Related Articles

Carotid endarterectomy for asymptomatic stenosis: how are we doing in practice?
Carotid endarterectomy for asymptomatic stenosis: which patients will do well or poorly?
Caudal paramedian midbrain syndrome
Causes of death by level of dependency after ischemic stroke
Comparison of hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes
Complications of chiropractic spinal manipulation
Deaths after chiropractic spinal manipulation
Detection of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients with cerebral ischemia
Drug-induced cerebrovascular disease
Falls with injury in noninstitutionalized adults
Guidelines for vascular risk factor reduction for secondary prevention of ischemic stroke
Hemorrhagic transformation of ischemic stroke
Intracerebral hemorrhage due to thrombolytic therapy
Medial medullary syndromes
Neurologic complications of cocaine, amphetamine, and their derivatives
Oral contraceptives and stroke
Pregnancy and stroke
Risk stratification after transient ischemic attack using the ABCD2 prediction rule
Sleep and stroke
Spinal cord ischemia
Stroke associated with drug abuse
Stroke associated with sickle cell disease
Stroke in young adults
Vascular risk factors and progression of Alzheimer disease
Warfarin for stroke prevention in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation
What is the current status of patent foramen ovale and stroke?
White matter abnormalities in the brain

External Resources

AAN Guidelines: Brain Injury and Brain Death
AAN Guidelines: Stroke and Vascular Neurology
Cedars-Sinai Stroke Program: Cerebral Hemorrhages
Clinical Trials: Brain Injury
Clinical Trials: Cerebral Infarction
Clinical Trials: Intracerebral Hemorrhage
European Society of Hypertension
FDA Advisory: Angiotensin Receptor Blockers: Cancer Risk Safety Review
Guideline: Head Injury - National Collaborating Centre for Acute Care (U.K.)
Guidelines and Consensus Statements: The Internet Stroke Center
Guidelines: The Brain Attack Coalition
Intracerebral Hemorrhage: The Internet Stroke Center
Intracranial Hypertension Research Foundation
Society for Hypertension
Stroke Scales and Clinical Assessment Tools

Communities

Stroke Community Forum
Support for patients with stroke, its warning signs, risk factors, prevention, complications. Discussions among patients, families, caregivers and professionals on topics related to diagnosis, treatment, and activities of daily living.

News

Taking statins in hospital may improve stroke outcomes
May 22, 2012
A new study suggests that using cholesterol-lowering medications known as statins after having a stroke may increase the likelihood of returning home and lessen the chance of dying in the hospital. The research is published in the May 22, 2012, print issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Poststroke depression
May 15, 2012
Scientists were able to show that delayed treatment of laboratory mice with cipramil, an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor family, not only prevented the development of depression, but also attenuated the subacute degeneration of nerve cells in the brain’s reward system after stroke.
How to minimize stroke damage
May 14, 2012
Following a stroke, factors as varied as blood sugar, body temperature, and position in bed can affect patient outcomes, Loyola University Medical Center researchers report in a review article in MedLink Neurology.
Risk of stroke greater for women than men among older patients diagnosed with atrial fibrillation
May 08, 2012
In a study that examined use of the anticoagulant medication warfarin and risk of stroke following a diagnosis of atrial fibrillation in older patients, women, especially those 75 years or older, had a higher risk of stroke than men, regardless of their risk profile and use of warfarin, suggesting that current anticoagulant therapy to prevent stroke might not be sufficient for older women.
Study: stroke victims not receiving timely diagnosis, care
May 02, 2012
Although significant strides have been made to improve the response time of caregivers, a new study shows that a critical step in the process – imaging of the brain to determine the nature of the stroke – is still occurring too slowly at too many hospitals.
Stroke risk considerably higher if sibling had stroke
Apr 11, 2012
If your brother or sister had a stroke, you may be at least 60% more likely to have one too, according to research reported in the American Heart Association journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics.
Predictors identified for rehospitalization among post-acute stroke patients
Apr 09, 2012
Stroke patients receiving in-patient rehabilitation are more likely to land back in the hospital within 3 months if they are functioning poorly, show signs of depression, and lack social support according to researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston.
Depression has big impact on stroke, TIA survivors
Apr 04, 2012
Depression is more prevalent among stroke and transient ischemic attack survivors than in the general population, researchers reported in the American Heart Association’s journal Stroke.
All News