Migraine and Other Headaches Center

Headache Emergencies

Headache associated with intracranial infection
Headache associated with ischemic cerebrovascular disease
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Temporal arteritis
(Giant cell arteritis)

Severe Head or Facial Pain

Cluster headache
Paroxysmal hemicrania
Primary stabbing headache
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
SUNCT syndrome

Most Common Headaches

Chronic daily headache
Eye-related headache
Medication overuse headache
Pain, headache, and oromandibular structures
Psychological factors and headache
Rhinosinus-related headache
Tension-type headache

Less Common Headaches

Activity-related headache
(...including those related to sex, cough, other exertions)
Chronic subdural hematoma
Cough headache
Headache associated with acute substance use
(…including those with alcohol, MSG, nitrates)
Headache associated with hormonal fluctuations
(...including those related to menopause, menstruation, pregnancy, oral contraceptives)
Headache associated with illicit drug use
(…including those with cocaine, cannabis, opioids)
Indomethacin-responsive headache syndromes
Primary headache associated with sexual activity
Pseudotumor cerebri syndrome
(Pseudotumor cerebri)
Spontaneous carotid and vertebral artery dissection

Childhood Headaches

Childhood migraine
Eye-related headache

Related Articles

Acute headache: diagnosis
Headache disorders: functional neuroimaging
Medications and substances causing headache
Migraine aura without headache
Migraine: psychiatric comorbidities
Neuroimaging of headache

Treatment Information

Acute headache: diagnosis
Headache disorders: functional neuroimaging
Medications and substances causing headache
Migraine aura without headache
Migraine: psychiatric comorbidities
Neuroimaging of headache

External Resources

AAN Guidelines: Headache
Clinical Trials: Migraine
Genetests: Hemiplegic Migraine
International Headache Society
Nostril Errors With Nasal Sprays
Research: Familial Hemiplegic Migraine
Testing: Familial Hemiplegic Migraine 1
Video: Heart link to migraines
Video: Migraine and aura


Migraine and Other Headaches Community
Support for patients with migraine and similar neurological disorders. Discussions among patients, families, caregivers and professionals on topics related to diagnosis, treatment, and activities of daily living.


Can migraine increase your risk of stroke?
Jul 24, 2015
New research suggests older people who experience migraines may have an increased risk of stroke, but only if they are smokers. The study is published in the July 22, 2015, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Temporal migraine surgery techniqes are ‘equally effective’
Jul 01, 2015
A randomized trial in the July issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery® reports that decompression and neurectomy are "equally effective" techniques for reducing the frequency and severity of temporal migraine headaches.
Childhood adversities linked to later migraines
Jun 24, 2015
Adults who were exposed to childhood adversity, including witnessing parental domestic violence, and childhood physical and sexual abuse have higher odds of experiencing migraine headaches in adulthood, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Toronto.
New class of drugs might change the landscape for migraine treatment
Jun 22, 2015
There is growing excitement among headache specialists about initial research (phase 2 clinical trials) into CGRP monoclonal antibodies, as these drugs appear to substantially reduce the frequency of migraine.
It doesn’t take a brain injury to have headache, dizziness, cognitive impairment
May 08, 2015
A team of researchers based at McMaster University has developed a new understanding of postconcussion syndrome, answering questions that have been plaguing researchers in the field. Their study, published in the medical journal Brain, Behavior and Immunity, provides an explanation for why many people with even very trivial head injuries, or even injuries to other parts of their bodies, experience incapacitating postconcussion like syndromes.
Headaches common in year following traumatic brain injury, especially among females
Aug 18, 2011
Recurring headaches are common during the year following a traumatic brain injury, regardless of the severity of the traumatic brain injury, and they tend to occur more often among females and those with a pre-traumatic brain injury history of headache, according to an article in Journal of Neurotrauma.
Caffeine can ease a spinal tap headache
Aug 10, 2011
Researchers now show that caffeine treatment can decrease the number of patients with persistent puncture headaches, when compared to a placebo. Both oral and intravenous caffeine work, with the IV form especially helpful in lessening the duration of the headaches.
Study finds behavioral treatment for migranes a cost-effective alternative to meds
Jul 07, 2011
A cost analysis of migraine treatments comparing pharmaceuticals to well-documented behavioral approaches such as relaxation training, hypnosis and biofeedback found behavioral treatments often come out cheaper, particularly after a year or more.
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