Migraine and Other Headaches Center

Headache Emergencies

Cardiac cephalgia
Headache associated with intracranial infection
Headache associated with ischemic cerebrovascular disease
Headaches in angle-closure glaucoma
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
Temporal arteritis
(Giant cell arteritis)

Severe Head or Facial Pain

Cluster headache
Idiopathic stabbing headache
Paroxysmal hemicrania
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
SUNCT syndrome
Trigeminal neuralgia and other cranial neuralgias
(Tic douloureux, or Painful tic, and others)

Most Common Headaches

Chronic daily headache
Eye-related headache
Headache associated with cervical spine dysfunction
Medication overuse headache
Migraine
Pain, headache, and oromandibular structures
Psychological headache
Rhinosinus-related headache
Tension-type headache

Less Common Headaches

Activity-related headache
(...including those related to sex, cough, other exertions)
Chronic subdural hematoma
Cough headache
Headache associated with acute substance use
(…including those with alcohol, MSG, nitrates)
Headache associated with hormonal fluctuations
(...including those related to menopause, menstruation, pregnancy, oral contraceptives)
Headache associated with illicit drug use
(…including those with cocaine, cannabis, opioids)
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension
(Pseudotumor cerebri)
Indomethacin-responsive headache syndromes
Isolated lateral sinus thrombosis
Primary headache associated with sexual activity
Spontaneous carotid and vertebral artery dissection
Status migrainosus
Vestibular migraine

Childhood Headaches

Childhood migraine
Eye-related headache
Headache in children: overview and treatment approaches

Related Articles

Acute headache: diagnosis
Headache disorders: functional neuroimaging
Headache guidelines
Medications and substances causing headache
Migraine aura without headache
Migraine: psychiatric comorbidities
Neuroimaging of headache

Treatment Information

Acute headache: diagnosis
Headache disorders: functional neuroimaging
Headache guidelines
Medications and substances causing headache
Migraine aura without headache
Migraine: psychiatric comorbidities
Neuroimaging of headache

External Resources

AAN Guidelines: Headache
Clinical Trials: Migraine
Genetests: Hemiplegic Migraine
International Headache Society
Nostril Errors With Nasal Sprays
Research: Familial Hemiplegic Migraine
Testing: Familial Hemiplegic Migraine 1
Video: Heart link to migraines
Video: Migraine and aura

Communities

Migraine and Other Headaches Community
Support for patients with migraine and similar neurological disorders. Discussions among patients, families, caregivers and professionals on topics related to diagnosis, treatment, and activities of daily living.

News

Risk factor management helps prevent migraine attacks
May 18, 2012
Underlying risk factors for migraine can be modified or eliminated before migraine attacks become more frequent. These risk factors can be treated effectively in the primary care setting, so practitioners need to be educated about what they can do to help prevent migraine in their patients.
Botox injections associated with only modest benefit for chronic daily headaches, chronic migraine
May 03, 2012
Although botulinum toxin A ("Botox") injections are FDA approved for preventive treatment for chronic migraines, a review and analysis of previous studies finds a small to modest benefit for patients with chronic migraine headaches and chronic daily headaches, although botox injections were not associated with greater benefit than placebo for preventing episodic migraine or chronic tension-type headaches, according to an article in the April 25 issue of JAMA.
Technology eases migraine pain in the deep brain
May 01, 2012
Recently, a team of researchers has shown that a brain stimulation technology can prevent migraine attacks from occurring. Their technique, using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), applies a mild electrical current to the brain from electrodes attached to the scalp.
New guidelines: treatments can help prevent migraine
Apr 24, 2012
Research shows that many treatments can help prevent migraine in certain people, yet few people with migraine who are candidates for these preventive treatments actually use them, according to new guidelines issued by the American Academy of Neurology. The guidelines, which were co-developed with the American Headache Society, were announced at the American Academy of Neurology's 64th Annual Meeting in New Orleans and published in the April 24, 2012, print issue of Neurology®.
Migraine linked to increased risk of depression in women
Feb 23, 2012
New research suggests women who have migraine or have had them in the past are at an increased risk for developing depression compared to women who have never had migraine. The study will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 64th Annual Meeting.
Mother’s migraine may increase baby’s risk of colic
Feb 22, 2012
New research suggests that mothers who experience migraine may be more likely to have a baby with colic than mothers without a history of migraine. The research will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 64th Annual Meeting.
New migraine clinical trial guidelines
Jan 24, 2012
The third edition of Migraine Clinical Trials Guidelines is now available in the International Headache Society journal Cephalalgia. The new guidelines represent an expert consensus summary, and recommend a contemporary, standardized, and evidence-based approach to investigators conducting and reporting randomized, controlled migraine clinical trials.
Headaches take toll on soldiers
Oct 14, 2011
Headaches, a virtually universal human complaint at one time or another, are among the top reasons for medical evacuation of military personnel from Iraq and Afghanistan, and for ongoing depletion of active-duty ranks in those countries, according to research led by Johns Hopkins specialists.
All News