Epilepsy and Seizures Center

Epilepsy is characterized by recurrent episodes of loss or alteration of consciousness, posturing, and/or muscular jerking, usually lasting from seconds to minutes.

Overview

Epilepsy

Adult-Onset

Alcohol withdrawal seizures
Drug-induced seizures
Generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus
Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis
Posttraumatic epilepsy
Secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures

Childhood Seizures

Absence status epilepticus
(Petit mal status)
Atypical absence seizures
Childhood absence epilepsy
(Petit mal seizures)
Febrile seizures
Neonatal seizures
Seizures presenting in childhood
Typical absences

Related Articles

Epilepsy: treatment in developing countries
Fetal anticonvulsant syndrome
Impact of sleep on epileptic manifestations
Migraine and epilepsy
Sleep and epilepsy

Symptoms that May be Confused with Seizures

Benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood
Breath-holding spells
Drop attacks
Hyperventilation syndrome
Neurocardiogenic syncope
(Vasovagal syncope; fainting)
Periodic limb movements
Psychogenic seizures
(Pseudoseizures; nonepileptic seizures)
Syncope
Transient global amnesia

Antiepileptic Drugs

Benzodiazepines
Carbamazepine
Fosphenytoin
Gabapentin
Lacosamide
Lamotrigine
Levetiracetam
Oxcarbazepine
Pharmacological treatment of epilepsy in adolescents and adults
Phenytoin
Pregabalin
Primidone
Tiagabine
Topiramate
Valproic acid
Vigabatrin

Non-Drug Treatments

Epilepsy surgery in children
Ketogenic diet in the treatment of epilepsy
Vagus nerve stimulation

External Resources

AAN Guidelines: Epilepsy
Epilepsy Foundation
Epilepsy.com: Surgery
ILAE Antiepileptic Drug Database
International League Against Epilepsy
National Society for Epilepsy
NICE Guidelines: Epilepsy
NINDS Epilepsy Information Page

Communities

Epilepsy Community Forum
Support for patients with epilepsy and seizures and related neurological disorders. Discussions among patients, families, caregivers and professionals on topics related to diagnosis, treatment, and activities of daily living.

News

Childhood epilepsy not linked with later psychiatric disorders
Sep 21, 2015
A study of young adults has found no substantial or lasting association between childhood epilepsy and psychiatric disorders and suicidal behavior.
Seizures in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery underappreciated and dangerous
Aug 20, 2015
A new study that placed 161 neonates who had undergone cardiac surgery on continuous EEG monitoring found that 8% of the neonates experienced EEG seizures and 85% of these were unrecognized clinically. Many of the seizures were severe, and the seizure group faced a higher risk of death, according to a report in The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.
Quiet that ringing in the brain
Jun 23, 2015
A new drug may treat epilepsy and prevent tinnitus by selectively affecting potassium channels in the brain, UConn researchers report in the Journal of Neuroscience.
Recommendations address how to manage seizures in infants
Jun 01, 2015
In an Epilepsia report, child neurologists note that intervening at the time of a febrile seizure does not alter the risk for subsequent epilepsy, and there is no evidence to support the use of antiepileptic drugs for simple febrile seizures. However, recurrent seizures warrant an urgent assessment, and a variety of antiepileptic drugs may benefit these patients.
Single, low-magnitude electric pulse vagus nerve stimulation successfully fights inflammation
May 13, 2015
In a paper published by Bioelectronic Medicine, researchers explore how low-level electrical stimulation interacts with the body's nerves to reduce inflammation. The paper's findings indicate that activation of either motor or sensory vagus nerve bundles can diminish inflammation.
Study finds new genetic clues to developmental epilepsies
Apr 03, 2015
Researchers have identified a new genetic mutation--salt-inducible kinase 1(SIK1)--associated with developmental epilepsies. The finding, which was reported yesterday in the journal American Journal of Human Genetics, may help scientists unravel the complex biological mechanism behind these diseases.
Researchers identify possible trigger point of epileptic seizures
Aug 22, 2011
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have identified a brain-circuit defect that triggers absence seizures, the most common form of childhood epilepsy.
A better approach to diagnosing and treating epilepsy
Aug 01, 2011
Using state-of-the-art, 7 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology, University of Minnesota Medical School researchers may have uncovered a better approach to diagnosing epilepsy. In the process, the team was able to cure 8 patients of all epileptic symptoms.
All News