Varicella-zoster virus infections of the nervous system

Introduction
Article section 1 of 14.  Next

By Catherine Amlie-Lefond MD and Burk Jubelt MD

Varicella-zoster virus infections of the nervous system is also known as Herpes zoster and Shingles. -ed.

Varicella-zoster virus causes chickenpox (varicella) in childhood, becomes latent in dorsal root ganglia, and can reactivate years later to produce shingles (zoster) in adults, as well as postherpetic neuralgia, central nervous system vasculopathy, myelitis, and meningoencephalitis. Diagnosis of varicella-zoster virus infection of the central and peripheral nervous system is critical as antiviral therapy can suppress productive infection with clinical benefit.