Subcortical vascular cognitive impairment is also known as or subsumes Subcortical vascular dementia. -ed.
Subcortical vascular cognitive impairment, characterized by subcortical and executive cognitive dysfunction, is now recognized to be the most common form of vascular cognitive impairment. It arises on the basis of small vessel cerebrovascular disease, in turn, causing lacunar infarcts and ischemic damage to the deep white matter. Most importantly, the underlying etiologies are those of well-recognized vascular risk factors, and this is, therefore, a form of cognitive impairment that is amenable to prevention as well as symptomatic relief.