Spinal ependymoma

Introduction
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By Jai Grewal MD, Harpreet K Grewal MD, and Santosh Kesari MD

Dr. Jai Grewal of the Long Island Brain Tumor Center at Neurological Surgery, PC, and Dr. Harpreet Grewal of JGMDPC in Roslyn, New York, provide an updated summary of spinal ependymomas, highlighting new molecular features of the most common primary intraspinal tumor of adults. The update also incorporates newly published epidemiological data, surgical treatment options, and briefly comments on the occurrence of these tumors in pregnancy.

In This Article

Introduction
Historical note and nomenclature
Clinical manifestations
Etiology
Pathogenesis and pathophysiology
Epidemiology
Differential diagnosis
Diagnostic workup
Prognosis and complications
Management
Pregnancy
References cited
Contributors