Peroneal neuropathy

Historical note and nomenclature
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By Cory Toth MD BSc

Peroneal neuropathy is also known as or subsumes Lateral popliteal mononeuropathy, Lateral popliteal nerve injury, and Peroneal nerve palsy. -ed

The most common entrapment neuropathy in the lower extremity is common peroneal mononeuropathy at the fibular head. This syndrome can occur in both adults and children and also, rarely, in the neonate. Almost all patients presenting with common peroneal neuropathy will present with foot drop. Although the most common site of nerve entrapment is the fibular head, other sites within the calf, ankle, and foot may result in a portion of a common peroneal neuropathy syndrome.