Normal-pressure hydrocephalus

Anesthesia
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By Peter Hedera MD and Robert P Friedland MD

Two commonly used anesthetics can influence absorption of CSF and level of intracranial pressure. This must be considered in the interpretation of intracranial pressure monitoring and measurements of resistance to outflow of CSF ROUT. Fentanyl decreases resistance to reabsorption of CSF and halothane increases resistance to reabsorption of CSF and secondarily increases intracranial pressure, especially after prolonged use of anesthesia (Artru 1984).

In This Article

Introduction
Historical note and nomenclature
Clinical manifestations
Clinical vignette
Etiology
Pathogenesis and pathophysiology
Epidemiology
Prevention
Differential diagnosis
Diagnostic workup
Prognosis and complications
Management
Pregnancy
Anesthesia
References cited
Contributors