Modafinil

Historical note and nomenclature
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By K K Jain MD

In 1998 the United States Food and Drug Administration approved modafinil as a wake-promoting agent (to improve wakefulness in patients with excessive daytime sleepiness associated with narcolepsy). This was the first time in over 40 years such a drug was approved. In 2010 the European Medicines Agency withdrew the indication of modafinil for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea, shift-work sleep disorder, and idiopathic hypersomnia.

In This Article

Historical note and nomenclature
Pharmacology
Clinical trials
Indications
Contraindications
Goals and duration of treatment
Dosing
Precautions and use in special groups
Interactions
Adverse effects
References cited
Contributors