Mental status examination

Introduction
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By Troels Kjaer MD PhD and Karin Norgaard PhD

Dr. Kjaer of Roskilde University Hospital and Dr. Norgaard of Glostrup University Hospital have reviewed the literature on mental status examination and discuss testing of various composite cognitive domains.

Key Points

  • Bedside mental status examination tools have been developed to combine ease of administration with standardized scoring.
  • The MMSE is the most widely used instrument to rapidly assess the cognitive status of individuals, both in clinical and research settings.
  • The MMSE is good for screening and for evaluation of treatment effect.

In This Article

Introduction
Historical note and nomenclature
Scientific basis
Indications
Contraindications
Goal
Description
Prognosis
Clinical vignette
References cited
Contributors