Intellectual disability

Introduction
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By Paul H Lipkin MD, Jamie J Perry MD MPH, and Mary O Leppert MD

Intellectual disability is also known as or subsumes Learning disability. -ed.

Over the past decade, important changes have been made in disability terminology, resulting in the renaming of mental retardation to intellectual disability. Medical science has also developed a better understanding of the causes of this disability with major impact on a patient’s life. Drs. Paul Lipkin, Jamie Perry, and Mary Leppert from the Kennedy Krieger Institute and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine review the updated terminology and definitions, the most recent guidelines for the diagnostic evaluation of intellectual disability, and its ongoing management in this clinical article, formerly titled mental retardation.