Febrile seizures

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By Renée Shellhaas MD MS, Carol S Camfield MD, and Peter Camfield MD

Febrile seizures are also known as or subsume Complex febrile seizures. -ed.

Febrile seizures are common and have a benign outcome. The genetic basis and pathogenesis of this syndrome are under intense investigation. Evidence-based guidelines suggest minimal investigations are needed for diagnosis, and most children require neither intermittent nor long-term treatment.

Key Points

  • Febrile seizures are the most common seizure type, affecting 3% to 4% of all children.
  • Although many affected children have recurrent febrile seizures, the risk of subsequent epilepsy is very small.
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics offers guidelines for the evaluation and management of children with febrile seizures.