Dementia with Lewy bodies

Differential diagnosis
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By Ann Marie Hake MD
  • Alzheimer disease
  • Parkinson disease
  • Corticobasal ganglionic degeneration
  • Frontotemporal dementia
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Prion-related diseases (eg, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease)
  • Progressive supranuclear palsy
  • Multiple systems atrophy
  • Frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17
  • Frontotemporal dementia secondary to C9ORF72 hexanucleotide expansion
  • Steroid-responsive (Hashimoto’s) encephalopathy
  • Prolonged delirium
  • Recurrent seizures / epilepsy
  • Chronic central nervous system infection (e.g., syphilis, Lyme neuroborreliosis, cryptococcal meningitis, HIV)

(Also see Diagnostic workup section.)

In This Article

Introduction
Historical note and nomenclature
Clinical manifestations
Clinical vignette
Etiology
Pathogenesis and pathophysiology
Epidemiology
Prevention
Differential diagnosis
Diagnostic workup
Prognosis and complications
Management
Anesthesia
References cited
Contributors