Cryptococcal meningitis

Differential diagnosis
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By Joseph R Berger MD

The differential diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis includes a broad range of other disorders that cause meningitis accompanied by a predominantly mononuclear CSF pleocytosis. Among the disorders that need to be considered are certain viral meningitides, some forms of bacterial meningitis (eg, tuberculous meningitis and partially treated bacterial meningitis), other fungal meningitides, parasitic meningitis (eg, amebic meningitis and trichinosis), carcinomatous and lymphomatous meningitis, drug-induced and chemical meningitis, and meningitis accompanying connective tissue diseases (eg, systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis).

In This Article

Introduction
Historical note and nomenclature
Clinical manifestations
Clinical vignette
Etiology
Pathogenesis and pathophysiology
Epidemiology
Prevention
Differential diagnosis
Diagnostic workup
Prognosis and complications
Management
Pregnancy
References cited
Contributors