Cerebral embolism

Introduction
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By Seemant Chaturvedi MD

Cerebral embolism is also known as or subsumes Atheroembolic stroke, Cardioembolic stroke, Embolic stroke, and Hemorrhagic infarction. -ed.

Cardioembolic stroke is one of the more devastating causes of stroke. In recent years, significant progress has been made in identifying patients at high risk for cardioembolic stroke. With the aging of the population, an increasing number of patients are at risk for cardioembolism. In this clinical article, Dr. Seemant Chaturvedi, Professor of Neurology and Director of the Comprehensive Stroke Program at Wayne State University, provides an update on cardioembolic stroke prevention. Data from recent trials on stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation patients are provided. Information on the controversy associated with patent foramen ovale as a stroke risk factor is also discussed.

Key Points

  • Cardioembolic strokes are more severe clinically than other forms of stroke.
  • Atrial fibrillation is the leading source of cardioembolic stroke.
  • The proportion of cardioembolic strokes will increase with the aging of the population.