Autistic spectrum disorder is also known as or subsumes Autism and Pervasive developmental disorder. -ed.
Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by significant impairment in social communication, repetitive behaviors, restricted interests, and hyper- or hyposensitivity to sensory stimuli. The new criterion for autism spectrum disorder was published in May 2013 in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). The previous subtypes (autistic disorder, Asperger disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified) are now referred to as autism spectrum disorder. In this clinical summary, Dr. Caroline DiBattisto of Georgia Regents University describes the clinical features of autism spectrum disorder and summarizes recent research regarding etiology, pathogenesis, genetics, diagnosis, and management.