Applied neurogenomics

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By K K Jain MD

This article discusses the role of genomics, more specifically neurogenomics, in the neurosciences. Genomic technologies, particularly sequencing, have enabled the study of genes and their relation to neurologic disorders, with an emphasis on diagnosis and treatment. The most significant impact will be development of molecular methods of treatment, integration of diagnostics and therapeutics, and, eventually, development of personalized neurology.

Key points

  • The advent of the genomic era in the last decade of 20th century has had an impact on the practice of medicine in the earlier part of 21st century (postgenomic era), which is referred to as genomic medicine.
  • Genomics has an impact on the practice of neurology, particularly for the management of diseases lacking adequate diagnostics and therapeutics.
  • Genomic neurology will be an important part of personalized neurology.

In This Article

Historical note and nomenclature
Clinical applications
References cited